Volume 33, Issue 34, Autumn 2017, Page 188-0

Ramifications of the World Financial Crises on GCC and the Role of Fiscal Policy

Dhaidan Tawirish Hashim

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 34, Pages 1-19

A clear fact for the GCC countries is the dominance of the oil sector in the economies of those countries, especially with regard to the elements of the budget, so it used to link the level of public expenditure with the expected revenue from the oil sector in the past, but in the recent global financial crisis 2007, In a different context, the correlation of fiscal policy, particularly the agreement, reflected strong links to these crises through expansionary policies in the opposite direction of the economic cycle. This study attempts to find out the reasons behind this policy and its role in dealing with the deflation of the GCC countries The previous study concluded that the previous crises were being dealt with by a policy of deflationary spending, that is, the fiscal policy was affected by the economic activity and is ineffective. As for dealing with the repercussions of the recent financial crisis, the fiscal policy followed is described as influential in economic activity, But its impact is going abroad

Environmental Sustainability Strategy and its Role in Ensuring the Continuous Improvement Of The Performance Of the University Enterprise Survey : study at sample of the universities and colleges of teaching staff in the Basrah Governorate

Abdulridha Naser Mohsin

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 34, Pages 20-42

The aim of the research is to ensure continuity of continuous improvement of the performance of the university institution through the use of the environmental sustainability strategy towards continuous review of the performance of the university institution. To achieve this goal, a questionnaire was prepared by a group of specialized professors, A study of a sample of government and private colleges in Basrah Governorate. The research was based on the integration of the deductive and inductive methods. The analysis and the accepted structure used the logical evidence in the theoretical side of the research. The quantitative analysis on the field side, Vision through the methods of descriptive statistics and some of the causal methods of statistics relating to the requirements of field study analysis, research reached an important set of conclusions and recommendations, and the most important university institutions lack a clear vision for the application of environmental sustainability strategy path.

The Impact of the Organizational Justice on the Proliferation of the Phenomenon of Administrative Corruption

Mustafa Taha; Abdaulla K. Mohmmed

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 34, Pages 43-63

In the light of the outcome of the results of the exploratory study, the problem of this research is the impact of the organizational justice on the spread of the phenomenon of corruption at the tax Department in the province of Basra.
The objective of this research is to answer the following questions:
1. Is there a consequence for the absence of organizational justice on the spread of the phenomenon of corruption at the tax Department, such as embezzlement, bribery and exploitation of the post.
2. What are the most prevalent instances of administrative corruption in the tax Department in question ?
3. In the light of the answer to the previous question, can the researcher develop a strategy that might fight corruption and root it out or eliminate it.
It has also been given in this paper a theoretical background about the concept of the organizational justice as of its three types and the influencing factors on the staff's awareness workers to the organizational justice.
It also introduces a theoretical background about the concept of a administrative corruption and its characteristics, its causes and effects .
Some of other countries experiences in the ways of tackling corruption have been viewed in order to eliminate it and eradicate it.
At the end of the research , the findings of the research were presented the findings , out of which the researcher presented a set of recommendations that may fit with the nature of the results that have been reached out.

The Impact of Using Sigma on Reducing Cost : A Case Study in the Public Company for Fertilizer Industry – Khor Al Zubair Plant

Kifah Jabbar Hassan

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 34, Pages 64-87

Six sigma is a modern approach that helps to achieve high quality because it aims to get as close as possible to workmanship and reach the zero defect by reducing the percentage of loss and reduce the chances of the appearance of defective units thus it Working on verification to satisfaction of the customer, The increase in the level of sigma decreased the number of defects thus reduced costs in general and quality costs in particular. However, the problem lies in the fact that a large number of Iraqi companies, especially industrial ones, have not adopted this method and may not have an awareness of its importance and how it works.
The general company for petrochemical fertilizers in Basra was selected as a field to demonstrate the feasibility of applying this method. It was found that by applying six sigma the percentage of defects in production will be 6.67% and 92.4% accuracy. This will reduce the cost of failure because it is directly related to the company's sigma .

The Role of Education in Economic Development in Iraq for the period (2004-2015)

Sakna. j . Faraj

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 34, Pages 88-116

The education in all his stages and levels considered the basic tool in development growth the human element or so-what called investment in human financial capital ,and the education system in Iraq is governmentally and for all stages the government provide members bodies educational and educational supplies and recently established number of private universities in high educational stage which participate in implemented professional organization and the operation of development the education must be continuous and including for all his members and ingredients to face the social ,economic, cultural changes and achieve the demands of development and the study has been reached that educational budget investment don’t composed the many which mean that high ratio spend as salaries and wages as for the investment project don’t receive only a little , and it is reflects the reality of the link between the structure of the education and the government. there must be real politic for growth to reduce the ratio of illiteracy poverty and unemployment with the increase of population so must provide money and necessary facilities for the educational system with all stages , to attract the male/female teachers who have intellectual and social super- capabilities and for the government it must try to absorb unemployment through employ producers and qualified members ,also the economic policy must depend on the wealth distribution equally on all the members of community to eliminate on the poverty for best education.

The Iraqi economy in light of the rent dominance and the requirements of economic diversification for the period (2003-2015)

Musab Abdel - Thamer Hussein; Salem Abdel-Hassan Risan

Gulf Economist, Volume 33, Issue 34, Pages 117-181

The past decades of the Iraqi economy have proved that the dominance of the oil sector has not been reflected in positive results and no structural changes have taken place in its structure. The increasing reliance on this resource has made the Iraqi economy constantly subject to price fluctuations in world oil markets, which has reflected directly on Economic performance retraction and the exacerbation of the structural imbalances that create a state of economic instability. In fact, the dominance of this oil resource with this degree represents a defect in economic system administration ,therefore it is important to adopt an effective economic policies and strategies to diversify the sources of income and reform the structure of the economic sectors and change their infrastructure.